Twelve thousand men against the small band who had fled with David would have been a disaster for David. Now the priest joined David at Keilah ( 1 Samuel 23:6). Jonathan cooperated with God"s plans, but Saul resisted them. Then Jonathan returned home, while David stayed at Horesh. 1 Samuel: Putting God First TABLE OF CONTENTS Click on the study title you’d like to see: ... their emotional highs and lows, you’ll learn more about yourself—and how God wants to work in your life. 15:24-25 Put this story into your own words. Saul had taken revenge on the citizens of Nob for not telling him where David was. Thank you for joining us today. Here’s 5 Lessons We Learn From the book of 2 Samuel. Samuel Anoints David as King (1 Samuel 15‐16) 2. 29:29). 1 Samuel 23. Hannah’s Prayer - Then Hannah prayed and said: “My heart rejoices in the LORD; in the LORD my horn is lifted high. New Living Translation Bible and Notes used with permission Tyndale House Publishers. "At last someone is concerned about me! The sites of Horesh ( 1 Samuel 23:15) and Hachilah ( 1 Samuel 23:19) are not certain. He was "the sweet psalmist of Israel" (2 Samuel 23:1 2 Samuel 23:1 Now these be the last words of David. We certainly don't want to go to Keilah to fight the whole Philistine army!" Again the writer directed our attention back to Saul. David is remembered as "a man after God's own heart." “There is no one holy like the LORD; there is no one besides you; there is no Rock like our God. Apparently David didn’t have a great relationship with his brothers. What is it that God revealed to David (24:17)? Without complaint David obeyed his father when Jesse asked David to take food to his brothers and check on them (1 Samuel 17:17-20). What were the consequences disobedience in the Bible for Saul? 2:2). (2 Samuel 1-5) David was anointed King around the age of 15 but he did not take the throne until he was 30! “Because you have rejected the word of the LORD, he has rejected you as king.” Here are some practical life lessons we can learn from David’s submission to God. O LORD, God of Israel, please tell me." Samuel was one of the most God-centered leaders of the Old Testament, a man with godly character and the respect of those he served. Matthew 28:19-20). Whether Israel was under judges or kings, its destiny ultimately depended on God, because all rulers answer to him. 1 Peter 3:9 – Do not repay evil for evil. Jonathanʹs Friendship, Saulʹs Jealousy (1 Samuel 18‐20) 4. He did not take revenge on the citizens of Keilah for telling Saul where he was. What was David’s response to what he saw (24:17)? 28 So Saul quit the chase and returned to fight the Philistines. The high priest carried them in the pocket on the front of his ephod (apron). "My father will never find you! 1 Samuel 23:2; 1 Samuel 23:4; 1 Samuel 23:11-12). You will find these questions on the Internet at www.usefulbible.com. King James Bible Online. The author is anonymous. 1 Samuel 23. 28 So Saul quit the chase and returned to fight the Philistines. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Jonathan"s encouragement of David23:15-18. We certainly don't want to go to Keilah to fight the whole Philistine army! She begged forgiveness on behalf of her entire household, and God used that moment to show David how wrong it would be to take revenge in his own way and kill these innocent servants. David Spares the Lordʹs Anointed (1 Samuel 24‐28) 6. 26 He and David were now on opposite sides of a mountain. In chapter 7, God reveals his plan for salvation through David's house. (Elkanah was a man who took his family to worship and sacrifice to the Lord every year. But Saul kept after him. 2 Kings 6:27; Joel 2:24). The prophet related a story to the king and then, with a clever twist in the details, got him to recognize the seriousness of his transgressions (2 Samuel 12:1-13). "We have just witnessed how Saul, in an outburst of rage, became responsible for the destruction of the priestly city of Nob. David went to rescue the people of Keilah from the Philistines, but then he had to flee from that town because the citizens were going to hand him over to Saul. Selah. The number of David"s supporters had grown from400 ( 1 Samuel 22:2) to600. to be a special spokesman for God) when he was very young. 21:9). Everyday events can be part of God's greater plan. 6:1-8). Exodus 28:30). The willingness of the people of Keilah to hand their savior over to Saul demonstrates base ingratitude for David"s deliverance of them. 2 Samuel 23-24 Success and Failure 2 Samuel 23:1-7 | 23:8- 39 | 2 Samuel 23 Bible Study 2 Samuel 24:1-9 | 24 ... What can we learn from this? That was what they thought. Please print this section if you would like to study the Book of 1 Samuel with a group of people. "Where David had appointed to meet him at that time, and strengthened his hand in God”: He comforted and supported him against all his fears, by minding him of God’s infallible promises made to him, and his singular providence which hitherto had and still would be with him. God manifested His will through the Urim and Thummim in the priestly ephod ( 1 Samuel 23:6; 1 Samuel 23:9; cf. The Urim (lit. 4 So David asked the LORD again, and again the LORD replied, "Go down to Keilah, for I will help you conquer the Philistines." 1. Word soon reached Saul that David had escaped, so he didn't go to Keilah after all. Read 1 Samuel 1:1-8. Who are the main characters in these verses? David Spares the Lordʹs Anointed (1 Samuel 24‐28) 6. Whether Israel was under judges or kings, its destiny ultimately depended on God, because all rulers answer to him. Was this the proper response? David as a Fugitive. “After the boy is weaned,” she said to her husband, “I will take him to appear before the LORD and to stay there permanently.” 23 “Do what you think is best,” her husband Elkanah replied, “and stay here until you have weaned him. 23 Discover his hiding places, and come back with a more definite report. What do you learn about David’s leadership? Samuel was called to the prophetic office (i.e. 23. 1 Samuel 22:20-23). As Samuel told him, God "has rejected you from being king" (1 Samuel 15:23). He submitted to God’s dealings with him. David lived halfway between the time of Abraham, with whom God made his original covenant, and Jesus, who fulfilled that covenant on the cross. 1 Samuel chapter 3. 10) Do not let His words fail: When he received a word from the Lord, first about the fate of Eli and his sons and later about the prophecy regarding Israel, Samuel shared God’s word. Learn his routines. * And will Saul actually come as I have heard? Because if you do not kill these men, they will again murder my caravans and even my ambassadors, and the ambassadors between us will cease. 1 One day news came to David that the Philistines were at Keilah stealing grain from the threshing floors. ", 4 So David asked the LORD again, and again the LORD replied, "Go down to Keilah, for I will help you conquer the Philistines.". He had 2 wives. As your group discusses this book, I want to encourage you to see the overarching theme of God’s greatness as the umbrella that encompasses each story. He did not become anxious and just wait. The Philistines were plundering the threshing floors there. What do you learn about pleasing God? The "Arabah" describes the low-lying area that extends from Mt. The number of David"s supporters had grown from400 ( 1 Samuel 22:2) to600. Verse 2~David had the admirable quality of inquiring of Jehovah God. Only God can see the big picture. "Arabah" describes the low-lying area that extends from Mt. God did not want Saul to hunt him down, much less kill him. 2 Samuel 23:3 "The God of Israel said, the Rock of Israel spake to me, He that ruleth over men [must be] just, ruling in the fear of God." 27 an urgent message reached Saul that the Philistines were raiding Israel again. For the moment, let me simply say that the entire chapter is about greatness. Part 1 - 1 Samuel chapter 1 - Samuel: the boy whose mother gave him to God. BSP . Ever since that time, the place where David was camped has been called the Rock of Escape.*2. What do you learn about pride? 9 David learned that Saul was making plans against him. He’s very shrewd, you know. God told David to go against the Philistines first. 1 Samuel • ... them and return the money they robbed. (1-4) God directs David to fight against the Philistines and deliver the city of Keliah. Saul had taken revenge on the citizens of Nob for not telling him where David was. The high priest carried them in the pocket on the front of his ephod (apron). David remained faithful to God throughout his life. Did David do it (19)? In 1 Samuel we see the story of God’s people. * And will Saul actually come as I have heard? 1 Samuel 1–2:11 What does it mean to keep choosing God in the midst of successes and failures? Read about his reliance on God in the psalms of David. 27 an urgent message reached Saul that the Philistines were raiding Israel again. 3 But David's men said, "We're afraid even here in Judah. What do you learn about obeying God? 13 So David and his men--about six hundred of them now--left Keilah and began roaming the countryside. The literary spotlight now moves back from Saul to David and his activities. Jonathan encouraged David "in God" (cf. And the LORD replied, "Yes, they will betray you." Bibliography InformationConstable, Thomas. Now Saul sought and received human guidance and failed near Ziph ( 1 Samuel 23:15-23). In ch23 , David, even while on the run from Saul, is shown saving a city from Philistine attack." But there is so much more we can learn from 1 Samuel 17 and this magnificent story. They slaughtered the Philistines and took all their livestock and rescued the people of Keilah. Saul my father also knows this.” 1 Samuel 23:17 “The Community” is a small group material created by Cru. ” 24 So David hid himself in the field. What do you learn about God’s attitude to *sacrifices? For this reason God could and did work through David as His vice-regent. What do you think about Saul’s behaviour? 5 So David and his men went to Keilah. Word soon reached Saul that David had escaped, so he didn't go to Keilah after all. They had taken it and tried to set it up in their temple. Do you allow him to shine his spotlight onto those areas which are not in line with his will and purposes for you? Please print this section if you would like to study the Book of 1 Samuel with a group of people. Everyday events can be part of God's greater plan. "We've got him now! Saul was secretly anointed the first king of all the tribes of Israel (1 Samuel 10:1) before being publicly selected by lot (1 Samuel 10:17–24). 15 One day near Horesh, David received the news that Saul was on the way to Ziph to search for him and kill him. You shall be king over Israel, and I shall be next to you. 14 David now stayed in the strongholds of the wilderness and in the hill country of Ziph. 2 David asked the LORD, "Should I go and attack them?" Samuel’s heritage lived on in a remarkable way. And during that waiting period David faced a lot of hardship. David lived halfway between the time of Abraham, with whom God made his original covenant, and Jesus, who fulfilled that covenant on the cross. ., p175. 6 Abiathar the priest went to Keilah with David, taking the ephod with him to get answers for David from the LORD. He sought God in prayer ( 1 Samuel 23:2; 1 Samuel 23:4; 1 Samuel 23:11-12; cf. David left Keilah after he learned that he would be vulnerable if he stayed there ( 1 Samuel 23:13). Then they told David, saying, “Look, the Philistines are fighting against Keilah, and they are robbing the threshing floors.” Abiathar had evidently remained in the forest of Hereth when David took his men to attack the Philistines in Keilah (cf. What is it that God revealed to David (24:17)? But when the ark of God stood opposite the staring-eyed, ugly, grotesque fish god of the Philistines, the fish god could not stand it. More people were siding with David and were turning from Saul. God chose David as Saul’s "We know where David is hiding," they said. Yet, he survives by continually seeking God’s will. "At last someone is concerned about me! God has handed him over to me, for he has trapped himself in a walled city!". Copyright StatementThese files are public domain.Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. What do you learn about his men? 1 Samuel 23 – David Saves Keliah; David Escapes from Saul A. David saves Keliah from the Philistines. 21 "The LORD bless you," Saul said. Jonathan had reached a point in his faith in God where he was willing to let go of what he wanted so he might do what God wanted. Romans 12:17-21 – Never avenge yourselves. An Unlikely Advocate - 1 Samuel 25; God Meant It for Good - Genesis 37, 50; To be used with: Session Two "It's Not About Me" Scriptures: 1 Samuel 24:1–22. Part 1 - 1 Samuel chapter 1 - Samuel: the boy whose mother gave him to God. Read chapter 1, then discuss these questions: In ch23 , David, even while on the run from Saul, is shown saving a city from Philistine attack. 24 So the men of Ziph returned home ahead of Saul. Leave it to the wrath of God; Matthew 5:38-39 – Turn the other cheek. Read 1 Samuel 15:22-23. As we do, we see the greatness of our God over His people. He also described himself as the Lord"s "servant" twice. 1 One day news came to David that the Philistines were at Keilah stealing grain from the threshing floors. Like Samson, whom we looked at in Lesson 12, Samuel was a Nazirite. However there is no mention of his seeking divine help in prayer (cf. 15:22-23 Put this story into your own words. David Flees from Saul (1 Samuel 21‐23) 5. The presence of the ephod made it possible for David to continue to obtain guidance from the Lord in answer to his prayers. ., p175.]. Samuel Anoints David as King (1 Samuel 15‐16) 2. His first concern is to bring back the ark of God. 1 When David was told, “Look, the Philistines are fighting against Keilah and are looting the threshing floors,” 2 he inquired of the Lord, saying, “Shall I go and attack these Philistines?” The Lord answered him, “Go, attack the Philistines and save Keilah.” 3 But David’s men said to him, “Here in Judah we are afraid. "go," "make more sure," "investigate," "see," "look," "learn;". Ahithophel clearly understood David’s vulnerability at this stage of the revolt. 18 So the two of them renewed their covenant of friendship before the LORD. His loyalty to His Creator was beyond question. The writer gave credit to David for the victory ( 1 Samuel 23:5), but clearly it was God who enabled him to win against such a daunting foe ( 1 Samuel 23:4). He ascertained God"s will by drawing one out after mentally assigning a meaning to each. David was not just defending himself during this period of his life. 17 "Don't be afraid," Jonathan reassured him. Read chapter 1, then discuss these questions: "1, 12 Again David asked, "Will these men of Keilah really betray me and my men to Saul?" Cross-References.