Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Strong MT, 2012. St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. Honolulu, USA: University of Hawaii. Wildland shrubs of the United States and its territories: thamnic descriptions: volume 1. Observaciones sobre la vegetación de la Provincia de Tucumán, Boletín de la Academia Nacional de Ciencias Exactas, Córdoba, 1874:183-234, Kane JH, Kervin L, 2013. For the heather lover in the North, these are the plants of choice, as opposed to the true heaths, which offer more colors but are generally less hardy. Does not tolerate frost or salt (Francis, 2004). the RHS today and get 12 months for the price of 9, Other common names Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. It is used medicinally in Mexico (Morales-Serna et al. Constituents of organic extracts of Cuphea hyssopifolia., Journal of the Mexican Chemical Society, 55(1):62-64, Murali S, Reddy GN, Tavaragondi Vinayaka, Chetan T, 2013. Rahmatullah M, Ferdausi D, Mollik A, Jahan R, Chowdhury MH, Haque WM, 2010. 0.1-0.5 metres, Ultimate spread Boca Raton, Florida, USA: CRC Press. Flora Mesoamericana., St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. The Vetal hills: an urban wildscape in peril. http://indiabiodiversity.org/species/list, Jorge Hieronymus D, 1874. Native to Mexico and Guatemala, Mexican heather is a perennial evergreen that prefers warm, tropical climates such as those in USDA planting zones 9 and 10. Native to Mexico, Central America and the southeast U.S., false heather is perennial in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 8 to 11. They tend to be short lived with layering extending the lives of individual plants (Francis, 2004).Environmental Requirements. Mexican False Heather is not bothered by pests. Naturalized plants occur in the Caribbean (Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012), Hawaii (HEAR, 2016), India (India Biodiversity Portal, 2016), and New Zealand (USDA-ARS, 2016) among other countries. A survey of medicinal plants used by Kavirajes of Chalna area, Khulna District, Bangladesh. Oviedo Prieto R, Herrera Oliver P, Caluff MG, et al., 2012. Utah State University Extension and Utah Plant Pest Diagnostic Laboratory. The calyx teeth are triangular and the calyx may be glabrous or with a few stiff hairs. http://floridata.com/Plants/Lythraceae/Cuphea%20hyssopifolia/932, SpeciesLink, 2016. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, USA. A plant having so many tinny beautiful star-shaped flowers that bloom a year. Heather fits into many small corners in the landscaping design, but buying a number of plants can be expensive. Pest Alert. The generic name is derived from the Greek word kyphos, meaning "bent," "curved," or "humped. There are purple and white lower forms. Hawaiian Vascular Plant Updates: A Supplement to the Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai`i and Hawai`i's Ferns and Fern Allies. http://www.hear.org/AlienSpeciesInHawaii/index.html. Propagate by seed, Suggested planting locations and garden types Some roots will remain in the ground, and that is okay. It should be in slight shade the rest of the time. Quick growing Mexican native perennial that reaches only twelve inches tall and wide returning in the spring if mulched heavily. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. Native from Mexico to Panama (Francis, 2004; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012), however some sources also indicate it is native to South America (Graham, 1991; Flora Mesoamericana, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016). Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Cuphea hyssopifolia (false heather); Flowering habit. The glossy narrow leaves are highly ornamental and remain green throughout the winter. May cause contact dermatitis (University of California, 2016). Evergreen perennial with dozens of tiny purple or white flowers in spring, summer and often into fall. 99-154, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: UH Coop. Naturalized in tropical regions around the world where it has been widely planted as an ornamental (HEAR, 2016). It will live in zone 8, but might die to the ground in winter and return in spring. Genus Cuphea can be annuals, perennials or evergreen shrubs, often with sticky hairs, opposite, simple leaves and tubular flowers with a showy calyx and small petals Flore phanérogamique des Antilles françaises. Generally disease free. If you select any attributes with or without a plant name, you will see a much narrower selection of results taken only from the old RHS Plant Selector database. Small attractive purple flowers appear in the early summer that stay till winter. Divided into 3 groups these lists, linked below, are maintained by a team of RHS staff and are reviewed annually. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University of Hawaii Press/Bishop Museum Press, 1919 pp. Recent plant collections from Dominica, Journal of the Arnold Arboretum, 70:143-152, Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Strong M T, 2012. Prefers to grow in moist environments with over 1400 mm rainfall/year (Francis, 2004). http://www.freshfromflorida.com/content/download/68187/1612823/Pest_Alert_-_Scirtothrips_dorsalis,_Chilli_Thrips.pdf, India Biodiversity Portal, 2016. National Park. Online Database. Mexican heather can be sold under a variety of other names, including false heather, Hawaiian heather and elfin herb. It has highly branched, feathery foliage, with small oblong leaves appearing alternately along the stems. Mexican heather is beloved for its delicate-looking foliage and countless clusters of prettily colored flowers. Cuphea hyssopifolia is native to Mexico and parts of Guatemala. http://ucanr.edu/sites/poisonous_safe_plants/Toxic_Plants_by_Scientific_Name_685/, USDA-ARS, 2016. In: Taprobanica, 7 (2) 72-78. This plant looks like a bonsai tree plant. Cuphea hyssopifolia 'Purple', Family Plants are widely cultivated and sold as seeds or as rooted plants in pots (Francis, 2004; Dave’s Garden, 2016). When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. WeedWatch Colombian Waxweed (Cuphea carthagenisis). Tropicos database., St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. Cuphea Hyssopifolia is an evergreen shrub or perennial plant. Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. How to use it: In frost-free zones, Mexican heather makes a wonderful evergreen groundcover and provides non-stop bloom in borders, foundation plantings and containers. Jorge Hieronymus (1874) lists it as a component of the pampas ecosystem in Argentina, for instance. The plant features white, pink or purple flowering stems, depending on variety, and flourishes in the acidic soil of moors and bogs and other areas many plants won’t grow. The Vetal hills: an urban wildscape in peril, Taprobanica, 7(2):72-78. (Observaciones sobre la vegetación de la Provincia de Tucumán). Cuphea Hyssopifolia Plant / False Heather Plant. Hawaiian Vascular Plant Updates: A Supplement to the Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai`i and Hawai`i's Ferns and Fern Allies., Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. The seeds can easily spread to adjacent areas, germinate, and become a problem. Those who live in zones 7 or 8 can grow it as a perennial. Cuphea hyssopifolia (false heather); flowering habit. Try an advanced search, If you enter just a plant name, you will see results from the old RHS Plant Finder and Selector databases. How to Prune Heather. Hieronymus J, 1874. Cuphea carthagenesis may occur in similar habitats as C. hyssopifolia but C. carthagenesis has stems densely covered in sticky hairs and has larger leaves (Technigro Australia, 2011). The plant requires part shade to … Taxonomy of vascular plants in botanical garden, Baguio City., http://www.academia.edu/3876692/Taxonomy_of_Vascular_Plants_in_Botanical_Garden_Baguio_City, Flora, Mesoamericana, 2016. Floriglory Maria Mexican Heather. Solitary flowers grow from the leaf axils along the branches. Flora Mesoamericana. The False heather brings a touch of delicacy and fresh foliage character into our gardens and landscapes. Seeds were available in seed catalogues as early as 1877 (Bliss, 1877). African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines. Cuphea / ˈ k juː f iː ə / is a genus containing about 260 species of annual and perennial flowering plants native to warm temperate to tropical regions of the Americas. https://www.rhs.org.uk/plants/details?plantid=598, Scheper J, 2003. Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). The species epithet hyssopifolia means “hyssop-leaved.”. This low-growing shrub definitely demonstrates year-round beauty, whether from its abundant summer blooms or its ever-changing foliage. National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba - 2011. RHS Garden Hyde Hall Spring and Orchid Show, Free entry to RHS members at selected In zones 7 and 8, it acts like a perennial, and in colder zones, it acts like an annual plant. 0.5-1 metres, Time to ultimate height Heathers, or calluna vulgaris, are popular and resilient flowering plants that require little upkeep. http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/45239387#page/3/mode/1up, Chua RT, 2013. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. UH–CTAHR Perennial Bedding Plants for Hawai‘i OF-41 — Mar. The Mexican Heather plant needs to be in direct sunlight, but only about three hours out of each day. Warming up to Cuphea, seeds get special treatment after cold storage. Small pink, white or lavender flowers decorate the plant throughout most of the year. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. http://www.gbif.org/species, Graham SA, 1991. Tropical monsoon climate ( < 60mm precipitation driest month but > (100 - [total annual precipitation(mm}/25])), As - Tropical savanna climate with dry summer, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in summer) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Aw - Tropical wet and dry savanna climate, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in winter) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Mean maximum temperature of hottest month (ºC), Mean minimum temperature of coldest month (ºC), number of consecutive months with <40 mm rainfall, GISD/IASPMR: Invasive Alien Species Pathway Management Resource and DAISIE European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies. Cuphea hyssopifolia. They are: This plant will provide nectar and pollen for bees and the many other types of pollinating insects. Planted widely as an ornamental (Francis, 2004) and has escaped and naturalized in several places around the world (Francis, 2004; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; HEAR, 2016). I think our zone is on the cusp so if you live elsewhere, you may be able to have the plants come back year after year. http://www.botany.si.edu/pacificislandbiodiversity/hawaiianflora/supplement.htm. False Heather features dainty lavender tubular flowers along the branches from late spring to late summer. It prefers a semi-shady location and minimal pruning. ... flowering perennial heather plant mexican heather perennials Little information was found on Cuphea hyssopifolia’s impact on habitats or species in areas where it has naturalized, or on control measures. The plant needs the root ball (the large, tangled ball of roots) in order to survive, and the out-laying roots are not as essential to its health. Prefers full sun to part shade (Royal Horticultural Society, 2016). C. hyssopifolia is a compact, bushy spreading evergreen shrub to 45cm in height, with small, lance-shaped dark green leaves and small clusters of light purple, pink or white flowers 1cm across, Plant range The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Dig up a large, already established Mexican false heather plant. http://www.fs.fed.us/wildflowers/pollinators/documents/plants-pollinators09.pdf, McGinnis L, 2006. http://www.tropicos.org/. B.K. Prepare the garden by breaking up the existing soil (use a hoe, spade, or power tiller). Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Patio & Container Plants City & Courtyard Gardens, Pruning Pruning group 10 in spring if needed, Diseases Online Portal of India Biodiversity. Typically available from late winter to fall. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/fm, Francis JK, 2004. Heather thrives in USDA zones 3 to 9. Our Botanical team are working hard to increase the number of plants with detailed information. Floridata. Shake the loose soil from the roots. Mon – Fri | 9am – 5pm, Join the RHS today and support our charity. USDA ARS. Cuphea hyssopifolia. Plants were naturalized in Martinique and Guadeloupe as well as cultivated as early as 1897 (Duss, 1897). Annales d’ L’Institut Colonial des Marseilles, 30. http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/3398869#page/9/mode/1up, Flora Mesoamericana, 2016. This is also known as false heather but it actually not belongs to the heather family. In: Journal of the Arnold Arboretum, 70 143-152. Each fruit produces about six tiny (1 mm) seeds (Francis, 2004). 7 (2), 91-97. http://journals.sfu.ca/africanem/index.php/ajtcam/article/view/1007, SpeciesLink, 2016. Flora de Veracruz 66. http://www1.inecol.edu.mx/publicaciones/resumeness/FLOVER/66-Graham_I.pdf, HEAR, 2016. Heather (Calluna vulgaris) is a small, evergreen shrub native to Europe, Asia and North America. January 2008. In: Hawaii Ecosystems at Risk, Honolulu, USA: University of Hawaii. Mexican heather can be either a perennial or an annual. Safe and Poisonous garden plants. Alien species in Hawaii. Plant with New Zealand Flax Characteristics Landscape Size: 1'-2' tall, 2'-3' width Li False Heather is a fine choice for the garden, but it is also a good selection for planting in outdoor pots and containers. 020 3176 5800 Lythraceae. Plants are distributed as ornamental plants locally and long-distance by sale of potted plants and seeds (Francis, 2004; Dave’s Garden, 2016). With its upright habit of growth, it is best suited for use as a 'thriller' in the 'spiller-thriller-filler' container combination; plant it near the center of the pot, surrounded by smaller plants and those that spill over the edges. A shrubby dependable evergreen perennial that grows to 2' tall and 4' wide, the False Heather bears small, closely set leaves and tiny rose red flowers. Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. (2012); however, no information could be found on this species’ environmental impacts. Grows along the edges of creeks and rivers and in humid forests (Flora Mesoamericana, 2016), and in disturbed areas (Francis, 2004). Rahmatullah M, Ferdausi D, Mollik M A H, Jahan R, Chowdhury M H, Haque W M, Haque M, 2010. Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba, 6(Special Issue 1):22-96. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai`i, revised edition. Cuphea is in the Lythraceae family (USDA-ARS, 2016), and is a genus containing about 260 species of annual and perennial flowering plants native to warm temperate to tropical regions of the Americas. Mexican heather (Cuphea hyssopifolia), also known as false heather, is a member of the family Lythraceae. 1192 pp. (INCT-Herbário Virtual da Flora e dos Fungos)., http://www.splink.org.br/, USDA-ARS, 2016. RHS members can get exclusive individual advice from the RHS Gardening Advice team. (Lista nacional de especies de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2011). Heather (Calluna Vulgaris) - Scotch heather, an evergreen ground cover or low shrub for sun, blooms during late summer in various shades of red or pink. We have combined these two powerful search tools into a single Find a Plant service searching over 250,000 plant records. Add organic matter such as manure, peat moss or … Crop Pollination by bees. Common Name: Stardust bush … Continue reading "False heather" Gardening for native bees in Utah and beyond. Family Lythraceae . Synonyms Cuphea hyssopifolia 'Purple' . Origin and distribution of adventive alien flowering plants in Hawai`i, In: Stone CP, Smith CW, Tunison JT, eds. In our experience, my dad has always had to replace the majority of the plants each year. Virtually all of the features of the old searches are still available and in addition we have added several new features to create a more comprehensive and user friendly search experience. Anyone who lives in climate zones 9 through 11 can grow this plant as an annual. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Planting Instructions. The plant is considered attractive to honeybees and other pollinators (Delaplane et al., 2000; Dave’s Garden, 2016). Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition.This is a relatively low maintenance shrub, and is best cleaned up in early spring before it resumes active growth for the season. Washington, DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. It heaviest bloom period occurs in summer, with some flowers present almost all year. Wallingford, UK: CAB International. In: Boletín de la Academia Nacional de Ciencias Exactas, Córdoba, 183-234. 2008 False heather is a vigorous ground-cover that can be used as a bedding plant. The species range from low-growing herbaceous plants to semi-woody shrubs up to 2 m (6 ft 7 in) tall. Cuphea seeds generally have improved germination after a short period of heating following cold storage (McGinnis, 2006).Physiology and Phenology, Plants flower and produce seeds constantly (Francis, 2004). It is included in an evolving list of plants carefully researched and chosen by RHS experts. The fruit is not ornamentally significant. Mexican False Heather is a tropical evergreen sub-shrub that grows to 24" in height and 36" wide. Get Everything You Need (1) Miracle-Gro Water-Soluble 5 lb. Heather is a popular perennial shrub in northern gardens.This tough little plant often blooms when it’s too cold for anything else to show any color and can thrive in soil that’s too acidic for most other plants. CABI is a registered EU trademark. Fruits are 3-lobed capsules containing 5-8 seeds, each about 1 mm in diameter (Flora Mesoamericana, 2016). Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Zones 10-11 as a perennial; annual in other areas Agricultural Research Magazine, July 2006. The species name alludes to the similarity of the foliage to that of the European herb, hyssop. Cuphea hyssopifolia (false heather); flowers and leaves. Flower borders and beds Wall-side Borders False Heather is a multi-stemmed evergreen shrub with an upright spreading habit of growth. A petite shrub that grows 1-2 ft. high and 2-3 ft. wide, tiny bright green leaves are held in neat opposite pairs on outward growing branchlets. It grows 12 inches tall and 18 inches wide. Place the plant on its side on the grou… Also known as false heather, Mexican heather (Cuphea hyssopifolia) is a flowering groundcover that produces masses of bright green leaves. Browse pictures and read growth / cultivation information about Cuphea Species, Elfin Herb, False Heather, Hawaiian Heather, Mexican Heather (Cuphea hyssopifolia) supplied by member gardeners in …