There are five Dravid lands- Karnataka, Maharashtra,Tailang, Dravid and Gurjar. Angirasa 6. Interestingly, the Brahmins only show up in the historical record around the time of the Gupta Empire, which ruled from circa 320-467 CE. This does not mean that they did not exist prior to that time, however. 23, 1993, pp. *Ravana,the wicked king ruled Lanka & was born to Brahmin rishi Vishrava and Kekasi who belongs to a Rakshas clan. The other major castes, from highest to lowest, are the Kshatriya (warriors and princes), Vaisya (farmers or merchants), and Shudra (servants and sharecroppers). Examples: "Some people believe that the Buddha himself, Siddharta Gautama, was a member of a Brahmin family. Chikitasa 16. She has taught at the high school and university levels in the U.S. and South Korea. Dhananjaya 21. Iyer (also spelt as Ayyar, Aiyar, Ayer or Aiyer) is a caste of Hindu Brahmin communities of Tamil origin. 1. Among Kanyakubj,a  all Brahmins of this area were Kanyajubja except Chaubeys of  Mathura (Mathur) & Magadh (Pandas of Gaya). Sub-Imperial Palaces: Power and Authority in Mughal India, J.D., University of Washington School of Law, B.A., History, Western Washington University. Records from the classical and medieval periods in India mention men of the Brahmin class performing work other than carrying out priestly duties or teaching about religion. Rādhi (also Rāṭhi in some old texts) is the major branch of Western Bengali Brahmins. Kalabodhana… 5. Sarswat, Kanyakubja, Gaur, Utkal and Maithil, these are five gaurs and dwelling towards north of Vindhyachal. Karnataka, Telangaa, Dravida, Maharashtra and Gurjarat form the Pancha Dravida They also perform temple ceremonies and officiate at weddings and other important occasions. [1] Agastya 2. Bhaskara 13. But some of Brahmins went to Ayodhya & participated in Yajna & also accepted the gifts (Daan). In the very beginning, there was only one category of Brahmins, later they were categorized on basis of their lands (areas) as Gaur and Dravid. Dr. Kallie Szczepanski is a history teacher specializing in Asian history and culture. For example, a Brahmin who begins farming (not only as an absentee land-owner, but actually tilling the land himself) may be considered ritually contaminated, and can be barred from later entering the priesthood. Traditionally, the Brahmins served as the spiritual guides and teachers of the Kshatriya princes and warriors, preaching to the political and military elites about the dharma, but today they perform ceremonies for Hindus from all of the lower castes. The other major castes, from highest to lowest, are the Kshatriya (warriors and princes), Vaisya (farmers or merchants), and Shudra (servants and sharecroppers). Aupamanyava 8. Therefore, they did not participated Ashwvamedha Yajna. In Hindu culture, the Brahmin caste considered to be the highest of the four major social classes of the Varna system. How Many Electoral Votes Does a Candidate Need to Win? The Brahmin castes may be broadly divided into two regional groups: Pancha-Gauda Brahmins from the Northern part of India (considered to be the region north of the Vindhya mountains) and Pancha-Dravida Brahmins from the region south of the Vindhya mountains as per the shlokaof Kalhana. Brahmins even in Uttar Pradesh, where they were most numerous, constituted just 12% of the recorded population. Brahmin Kshatriya belongs to the offspring of a Brahmin Father and a Kshatriya woman. 2001. They specialised as priests (purohit, pandit, or pujari), teachers (acharya or guru) and protectors of sacred learning across generations. Punjab is the land of Saraswats. At mealtimes, anyone could accept food from the hands of a Brahmin, but a Brahmin would be polluted if he or she took certain types of food from a lower caste person. Angad 5. The members of this caste have been originated from Saraswat Brahmins . Nonetheless, the traditional association between the Brahmin caste and priestly duties remains strong. [citation needed] The majority reside in Tamil Nadu, India. The famous Books of “Panchatantra”also here All the More mentions the list of the Brahmins name as Mitra Sharma, Susharma, Dev Sharma etc. The Murderous Cult of Roman Diana and Her Sword-Wielding Priests, Biography of Chandragupta Maurya, Founder of the Mauryan Empire. Home | About Us | Committee | News and Events | Occasional Articles | Photo Gallery | Members. Bhargava 11. The Vindhya mountain range, which lies in central India, divides the country into … Pages in category "Brahmin communities" The following 27 pages are in this category, out of 27 total. In 1931 (the last Indian census to record caste), Brahmins accounted for 4.32% of the total population. This Brahmin community comprises seven sub-clans named Bali , Bhimwal , Chhibber , Dutt , Lau , Mohan and Vaid . Bhumihars, also called Babhan, are a Hindu caste mainly found in Bihar (including the Mithila region),[2] the Purvanchal region of Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, the Bundelkhand region of Madhya Pradesh, and Nepal. In punjab 80% brahmins are ABC-CLIO. Harita/ Haritasa 28. Brahman, also spelled Brahmin, Sanskrit Brāhmaṇa (“Possessor of Brahma”), highest ranking of the four varnas, or social classes, in Hindu India. Tarai/Madhesi Other Castes 2.1 Tarai/Madhesi Other Castes Kewat, Mallah, Lohar, Nuniya, Kahar, Lodha, Rajbhar, Bing, Mali Kamar, Dhuniya, Yadav, Teli, Koiri, Kurmi, Sonar, Baniya, Kalwar, Thakur/Hazam, Kanu, Sudhi, … Traditionally, male Brahmins performed priestly services, but they may also work in jobs associated with lower castes. Garga 24. Dev 20. Major Brahmin Castes: Major Brahmin castes in the Indian Continent include Chitpavana Brahmins, Daivajna Brahmins, Deshastha Brahmins, Dhima Brahmins, Gouda Saraswat Brahmins, Havyaka In addition to the above major castes of Brahmins, there are several Brahmin subcastes. in some old texts) is the major branch of Western Bengali Brahmins. This list may not reflect recent changes ().This page was last edited on … The land between Gandaki and Kaushiki rivers is known as Maithil land. Activities that are forbidden to Brahmins according to the Manusmriti include making weapons, butchering animals, making or selling poisons, trapping wildlife, and other jobs associated with death. There is a territorial division that divides the Brahmins broadly into two parts: Panch Gour (The five northern Brahmins) and Panch Dravida (The five southern Brahmins). History of the Brahmin Caste Brahmin is considered as a member of the priestly caste of the country. For best results please use latest versions of Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome, or Microsoft Internet Explorer. The Utkal is in the other side of Vindhyachal. Indeed, occupational surveys of Brahmin families in the 20th century found that less than 10% of adult male Brahmins actually worked as priests or Vedic teachers. “Government of the Raj 1858-1914.” UK Parliament. Ghrit kaushika 27. Kanauj, Ayodhya, Agra up to Delhi is the land of Kanyakubjas. As late as the reign of the Maratha Dynasty, in the 1600s to 1800s CE, members of the Brahmin caste served as government administrators and military leaders, occupations more typically associated with the Kshatriya. Interestingly, the Muslim rulers of the Mughal Dynasty (1526–1858) also employed Brahmins as advisors and government officials, as did the British Raj in India (1858–1947). In fact, Jawaharlal Nehru, the first prime minister of modern India, was also a member of the Brahmin caste. At the other extreme, if an untouchable dared to draw water Most of the Brahmins did not think proper to attend this Yajna & accepting the  Daan of from a person who is involved in a Brahm-Hatya. The following is a partial list of gotras found in the Brahmin community of Hindus: 1. Is there a sub caste Brahmin Kshathriya and gotra as Birthare. They are ‘Pancha-Gauda Brahmins’ from North India and ‘Pancha-Dravida Brahmins’ from the South India. Babhravya 9. As in earlier times, most Brahmins actually made their living from work associated with the lower castes, including agriculture, stone-cutting, or working in the service industries. Bihar and Bengal are the land of Maithil. The Utkala Brahmins are one of the five Pancha Gouda Brahmin Vindhyas. In jammu 90% brahmins are saraswat, in kashmir all pundits are saraswats. At one time Bihari Brahmins were famous for their scholarship and erudition and Mithila [14] produced one Vedic scholar after another starting from Yajnavalkya. All dogra brahmins are saraswat. 281–302. The caste system has evidently been more flexible, in terms of appropriate work for Brahmins, than one might expect. The Kulinas formed the higher ranking clans. Bharadwaj 10. Most Iyers are followers of the Advaita philosophy propounded by Adi Shankara. In some cases, such work precludes the Brahmin in question from carrying out priestly duties, however. Specifically, the top three literate castes were Deshasthas, Chitpavans and CKPs. Find all the castes and their sub-castes list in India here. 1). Dhanvantari 22. There are the Following The simple About List of Brahmin surnames Gotras and communitiesFull Information With Brahmin, brahmana, brahmin caste list, brahmin surnames list, tribe, list of gotras, rishi, top brahmins and ritual.