However, though the documents provide no evidence of a deliberate attempt to obfuscate findings, they do reveal numerous inconsistencies in what authorities believed to be happening and what was revealed to the public. The number of reported cases and deaths in China’s major cities outside Wuhan have been far lower than the numbers in many European and American cities, but China … A case would only be “confirmed” if polymerase chain reaction (PCR) or genetic sequencing tests came back positive. Protocols for coronavirus diagnosis, published by China’s National Health Commission in late January, told doctors to label a case “suspected” if a patient had contact history with known cases, and a fever and pneumonia symptoms, and to elevate the case to “clinically diagnosed” if those symptoms were confirmed by an X-ray or CT scan. All Access Digital offer for just 99 cents! Sarah Morris, from the Digital Forensics Unit at Britain’s Cranfield University, said there was no evidence the data had been tampered with or was misleading. This would then allow the data to be shared instantly with CDCs and relevant health departments nationwide. We’re always looking for the horses, but never the zebras.”. This use of a broad “suspected case” tally effectively downplayed the severity of patients who doctors had seen and determined were infected, according to stringent criteria, experts said. The best time of year to visit Wuhan in China. “I think that’s also the (wishful) impression that Trump got — that this is going to disappear.”. It has released authoritative and detailed information as early as possible on a regular basis, thus effectively responding to public concern and building public consensus,” says the White Paper. Dali Yang, who has extensively studied the outbreak’s origins, said that in February numbers “still mattered because of global perceptions.”, “They were still hoping it was like 2003, and like Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) would be eventually contained, and everything can go back to normal,” added Yang, who is a professor of political science at the University of Chicago. “Confirmed cases” number 2,345, “clinically diagnosed cases” 1,772, and “suspected cases” 1,796. It can get very hot in summer. At several critical moments in the early phase of the pandemic, the documents show evidence of clear missteps and point to a pattern of institutional failings. Winters are pretty mild. The temperature rarely drops below freezing and it snows occasionally. And while there is no suggestion in the documents the two parallel crises are linked, information regarding the magnitude of Hubei’s influenza spike has still yet to be made public. The high false-negative rate exposed a series of problems China would take weeks to rectify. People who live there have been under lockdown for more than 50 days. There was truly despair among medical professionals by the end of January, because they were extremely overworked and they were also enormously discouraged by the high number of deaths that were occurring with a disease they had not treated previously,” he added. The documents have been verified by six independent experts who examined the veracity of their content on behalf of CNN. Yichang, 320 kilometers (198 miles) west of Wuhan, was hit hardest by the influenza outbreak — almost three times as many as Wuhan in the same week beginning December 2. It is unclear how the documents were obtained or why specific papers were selected. The documents also reveal a previously undisclosed a 20-fold spike in influenza cases recorded in one week in early December in Hubei province. It has long been considered the economic engine of … During the last 30 years, analysts say, many in China have appeared willing to relinquish political freedoms in return for increased material wealth, social stability and greater opportunities. “The order of magnitude of change means there has to be something going on,” he said. The virus fundamentally threatened that social contract — putting hundreds of millions at risk while damaging an economy already weakened by an ongoing US-China trade war. Torrential rain in Jingmen flooded shops and supermarkets. In order to avoid “false negative” results, health officials began to test suspected cases repeatedly. State lawmakers demand hearings over EDD prison fraud The report characterizes the Hubei CDC as underfunded, lacking the right testing equipment, and with unmotivated staff who were often felt ignored in China’s vast bureaucracy. They were overwhelmed. It caused cases to rise to 20 times the level recorded the previous year, the documents show, placing enormous levels of additional stress on an already stretched health care system. In reality, it was slow to log into, one audit said, and many other bureaucratic procedural restrictions hampered rapid data recording and gathering. Wuhan has a warm sea climate with very moist, hot summers. “So, it’s got lots of room for deleted stuff, for old things. Rather than taking a lead, the report suggests CDC staff were resigned to “passively” completing the task issued by superiors. and Berkeley Rep (Mary Zimmerman!) London — A group of frontline medical workers, likely exhausted, stand huddled together on a video-conference call as China’s most powerful man raises his hand in greeting. Wuhan, sprawled in the subtropical moist monsoon climate zone, has abundant rainfall and four distinct seasons. Wuhan was the third worst hit with 2,032 new cases that week. That same day, Hubei publicly reported just 93 virus deaths. China’s leaders were the first to confront the virus, implementing a raft of draconian restrictions beginning in late January intended to curb the spread of the outbreak. He urged greater public communication, as around the world concerns mounted about the potential threat posed by the new disease. “While making an all-out effort to contain the virus, China has also acted with a keen sense of responsibility to humanity, its people, posterity, and the international community. Hi/Low, RealFeel®, precip, radar, & everything you need to be ready for the day, commute, and weekend! “That adds another layer of understanding as to why some of the numbers that came out from the higher levels of government probably were off,” said Schaffner from Vanderbilt University. This larger figure was never fully revealed at that time, as China’s accounting system seemed, in the tumult of the early weeks of the pandemic, to downplay the severity of the outbreak. There is one mention of sub-par facilities at a bacterial and toxic species preservation center, though the point is not elaborated on, nor is its significance made clear. Public data shows a nationwide spike in influenza in December. Nucleic acid tests work by detecting the virus’ genetic code, and were thought to be more effective at detecting the infection, particularly in the early stages. Even as authorities in Hubei presented their handling of the initial outbreak to the public as efficient and transparent, the documents show that local health officials were reliant on flawed testing and reporting mechanisms. Tuesday marks exactly 12 months since the first patient in Wuhan started showing symptoms, according to the Lancet study. A European security official with knowledge of Chinese internal documents and procedures also confirmed to CNN that the files were genuine. Yet more than four months after the virus was first identified, major issues continued to hamper disease control efforts in key areas, the documents show. We look for the usual suspects. The spike, which occurred in the week beginning December 2, saw cases rise by approximately 2,059% compared to the same week the year before, according to the internal data. The leaked documents show the daily confirmed death toll in Hubei rose to 196 on February 17. The notion of an impending pandemic seemed to many like an abstract distraction, as people returned home to spend time with their families. Streaming movie picks: David Fincher’s ‘Mank’ one of 2020’s best films. These documents show the full extent of what officials knew, but chose not to spell out to the public. This story has been corrected to reflect that US scientists have already come to the conclusion that the virus was not made in a lab. Wuhan has had just four confirmed cases of the novel coronavirus since May, when the city tested its entire population in the space of two weeks. 6 miles and an atmospheric pressure of 1029 mb. The persistent delay would likely have made it much harder to direct public health interventions, said Dr. Amesh Adalja, at Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security. ... a road following heavy rainfall in Wuhan, China, on July 6, 2020. Experts, however, note the rise in influenza cases, while not unique to Hubei, would have complicated the task of officials on the lookout for new dangerous viruses. The documents do not elaborate further. Digital forensic analysis was also performed to test their computer code against their purported origins. Theoretically, the system was supposed to enable regional hospitals and CDCs to directly report infectious diseases to a centrally managed system. To cope with the high volume, officials decided to begin incorporating other clinical diagnosis methods, such as CT scans. and Berkeley Rep (Mary Zimmerman!) The Guanyinge temple, a 700-year old temple built on a rock, in the swollen Yangtze River in Wuhan in China's central Hubei province. Authorities have all but shut down Wuhan, a city of 11 million and a major transport hub, as the death toll from the novel coronavirus outbreak surged past 800 in mainland China… Schaffner, from Vanderbilt University, said many of the comments in the documents might have been made in the US, “where, over the past 15 to 20 years, at particularly the state and the local level, public health funding has become constrained.”. The documents, however, are by no means clear cut. Conversely, however, the leaked documents also provide something of a defense of China’s overall handling of the virus. Wuhan Weather Forecasts. It is the largest city in Hubei and the most populous city in Central China, with a population of over 11 million, the ninth-most populous Chinese city and one of the nine National Central Cities of China.. But even if they had been 100% transparent, that would not stop the Trump administration downplaying the seriousness of it. That’s a really good sign [of authenticity].”. As the virus spread, local officials were accused of downplaying the outbreak and its risk to the public. Separately, China’s diagnostic criteria have been criticized by health experts for their continued, public decision to not count asymptomatic cases. From a secure room about 1,200 kilometers (745 miles) from the epicenter, Xi expressed his condolences to those who have died in the outbreak. Officials were also faced with a lumbering and unresponsive IT network, known as the China Infectious Disease Direct Reporting System, according to state media, installed at cost of $167 million after the 2003 SARS outbreak. It would probably not have stopped this developing into a pandemic.”. “You’re looking at data that’s three weeks old and trying to make a decision for today,” he said. Yet that claim has been at least partially challenged by a Lancet study of the first December patients, which determined one third of the 41 infected that month had no direct connection to that market. The documents offer no indication that authorities in Beijing were directing the local decision-making process. Today, China is close to zero local cases and although small-scale outbreaks continue to flare, the virus is mostly contained. “We’re just not that great at diagnosing them. “A lot of the suspected cases there should have been included with the confirmed cases,” said Huang, from the Council on Foreign Relations, who reviewed the documents and found them to be authentic. China and its healthcare workers were under immense strain as the outbreak took hold, said Yang, from the Council of Foreign Relations. The previously undisclosed figure is among a string of revelations contained within 117 pages of leaked documents from the Hubei Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, shared with and verified by CNN. China flooding: Wuhan on red alert for further rain. But, so far, access for international experts to hospital medial records and raw data in Hubei has been limited, with the WHO saying last week they had “reassurances from our Chinese government colleagues that a trip to the field” would be granted as part of their investigation. streaming holiday shows Thu 03/12 “It’s almost like a mini file system,” she said. The Wuhan CDC later conducted retrospective research into influenza cases dated as early as October 2019 in two Wuhan hospitals, in an attempt to look for traces of coronavirus. But, according to a study published in the journal Nature, they were unable to detect samples of the virus dating back earlier than January 2020. Santa Clara County reports COVID outbreak at juvenile hall, youth ranch One of the more striking data points concerns the slowness with which local Covid-19 patients were diagnosed. Now, a paper from researchers in China has examined the same issue and proposed that Sars-CoV-2 existed on several continents before the Wuhan outbreak. Related Articles Notably, the outbreak that week is not felt most severely in Wuhan — the epicenter of the coronavirus outbreak — but in the nearby cities of Yichang, with 6,135 cases, and Xianning, with 2,148 cases. “In the United States, Britain, France and Germany, there’s always a lag. Over the last five days, the high temperatures have been 73, 66, 75 and 74. The metadata creation dates align with the content of the documents. According to Mertha, the documents, which he reviewed and considered authentic, seemed to be organized so as to allow senior officials to paint whatever picture they wished. But 23 days is a long time.”. ... 32 million people in 26 provinces across China have been affected by severe flooding; ... the rain has stopped for now. However, the tests carried out at that time resulted in only a 30% to 50% positive rate, among already confirmed cases, according to officials quoted in state media. This translation has been automatically generated and has not been verified for accuracy. Get Morning Report and other email newsletters. Similarly, no mention is made by officials of a so-called laboratory leak, or that the virus was man-made, as some critics, including top US officials, have claimed without evidence. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. The death toll and number of people infected by the virus, now known to the world as Covid-19 and impacting the lives across the planet, continues to grow, day on day. Using sophisticated surveillance tools, government officials enforced strict lockdowns across the country, largely restricting more than 700 million people to their homes, while sealing national borders and carrying out widespread testing and contract tracing. The daytime temperature is going to reach 12 °c and the temperature is going to dip to 8 °c at night. Get the forecast for today, tonight & tomorrow's weather for Wuhan, Hubei, China. You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. They also had 4.29″ of rain … This led to the creation of category referred to internally as “clinically diagnosed cases.” It was not until mid-February that the clinically diagnosed cases were added to the confirmed case numbers. William Schaffner, professor of infectious diseases at Vanderbilt University, said the Chinese approach was conservative, and the data “would have been presented in a different way had US epidemiologists been there to assist.”, He said Chinese officials “seemed actually to minimize the impact of the epidemic at any moment in time. The influenza “epidemic,” as officials noted in the document, was not only present in Wuhan in December, but was greatest in the neighboring cities of Yichang and Xianning. Testing was inaccurate from the start, the documents said, and led to a reporting system with weeks long delays in diagnosing new cases. Chinese state media have cited the presence of the novel coronavirus on imported frozen food packaging, as well as scientific papers, claiming that the coronavirus was circulating in Europe earlier than previously believed, as evidence that China may not have been its origin. People in Wuhan, China, line up at a facility that tests discharged COVID-19 patients as well as individuals who had been held in isolation. She added the older files looked like they had been used repeatedly over a long period of time. More than a month before the first cases are believed to have emerged, the review continues to urge the health authorities to “rigorously find the weak link in the work of disease control, actively analyze and make up for the shortcomings.”. To date, the clearest indication of how many cases were detected in 2019 is the 44 “cases of pneumonia of unknown etiology (unknown cause)” that Chinese authorities reported to the WHO for the period of the pandemic up to January 3, 2020. In February, however, it was a different story. The documents include an internal audit, which forensic analysis shows was written in October 2019, before the pandemic began. The documents, which cover an incomplete period between October 2019 and April this year, reveal what appears to be an inflexible health care system constrained by top-down bureaucracy and rigid procedures that were ill-equipped to deal with the emerging crisis. In late January, Xi, China’s most powerful leader in decades, publicly ordered “all-out efforts” to contain the virus’ spread. Similar studies have yet to be carried out in other Hubei cities. According to a study published in the journal Science in May, the stringent measures adopted during those first 50 days of the pandemic likely helped break the localized chain of transmission. “It was clear they did make mistakes — and not just mistakes that happen when you’re dealing with a novel virus — also bureaucratic and politically-motivated errors in how they handled it,” said Yanzhong Huang, a senior fellow for global health at the Council on Foreign Relations, who has written extensively on public health in China. It’s not just about any intentional cover-up, you are also constrained with by technology and other issues with a novel virus. Health experts said the documents laid bare why what China knew in the early months mattered. Though the magnitude of the Hubei flu spike has not been previously reported, it is difficult to draw any hard conclusions, especially in regard to the potential prevalence of previously undetected Covid-19. They said they worked inside the Chinese healthcare system, and were a patriot motivated to expose a truth that had been censored, and honor colleagues who had also spoken out. At a news conference on June 7, China’s State Council released a White Paper saying the Chinese government had always published information related to the epidemic in a “timely, open and transparent fashion.”. Their deaths were not public at the time, and were highly sensitive, given the volume of sympathy over-worked health care staff, on the frontline of the pandemic, were getting on social media at the time. On two occasions, the public death numbers are narrowly over reported, with the internal figures indicating single-digit discrepancies of five and one, respectively. At the time, China was celebrating the Lunar New Year holiday, its most important annual holiday. The Chinese government has previously pointed to the Huanan seafood market in Wuhan as the likely initial epicenter of the outbreak in mid-December, where meat of exotic wild animals was sold. According to Huang, from the Council on Foreign Relations, the report belies China’s claim to have massively invested in disease control and prevention after the 2003 SARS outbreak. They say Wuhan belongs to one of the three ovens in China. At the same time that the virus is believed to have first emerged, the documents show another health crisis was unfolding: Hubei was dealing with a significant influenza outbreak. streaming holiday shows. The-CNN-Wire If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. Experts said that meant most of the daily figures that informed the government response risked being inaccurate or dated. It has provided information on Covid-19 in a thoroughly professional and efficient way. Ancient human species may have gone extinct because of climate change. A lack of preparedness is reflected throughout the documents, sections of which are highly critical in their internal assessment of the government’s support for the Center for Disease Control and Prevention operations in Hubei. The documents show that testing carried out on the influenza patients return a high number of unknown results. But as I … Wuhan has declared a red alert for flooding after the former coronavirus ground zero has been battered by torrential downpours. “You are giving them all the options there without putting somebody in an explicitly embarrassing position — giving them both the anvil or the life-raft to then choose from.”. Try to imagine what that's like. You don’t know instantaneously. Canada takes the weekend off in a time notorious for strong storms. As case numbers soared nationwide, government officials were facing a potential crisis of legitimacy, with public opinion fast turning against the ruling Communist Party over its perceived mishandling of the deadly new disease. Foreign journalists have been invited on an official tour to report on Wuhan's efforts to rebuild its economy after the months-long trauma of COVID-19. This was confirmed by citizens of the country . One expert with close ties to China reported seeing some of the reports during confidential research earlier this year. However, Mertha, the JHU academic, said the mismatch between the higher internal and lower public figures on the February death toll “appeared to be a deception, for unsurprising reasons.”. The reports show that in the early stages of the pandemic, China faced the same problems of accounting, testing, and diagnosis that still haunt many Western democracies even now — issues compounded by Hubei encountering an entirely new virus. The spread of this Wuhan coronavirus that has become a global pandemic, and one that is ravaging Europe, especially Italy, can be traced right back to China where it … Weather Underground provides local & long-range weather forecasts, weatherreports, maps & tropical weather conditions for the Wuhan area.