for Thy servant heareth,’ cannot be too highly stated. "Commentary on Exodus 25:30". This table, with the articles on it, and its use, seems to typify the communion which the Lord holds with his redeemed people in his ordinances, the provisions of his house, the feasts they are favoured with. It is more difficult to ascertain the use of these, or what they represented, than almost any other emblem in the whole Jewish economy. Used by Permission. Exodus chapter 32 summary details the story of how the children of Israel rebelled against the LORD their GOD with idol worship. Now the first thing that is suggested, therefore, is the plain obligation, which is also a blessed privilege, for all men who are priests of God by faith in, and union with, the great High Priest, that they lay all their activities as an offering before God. So, then, the whole was an offering of Israel’s activities and its results to God. 2. From between these cherubim, above the mercy-seat, God promises to meet and commune with his people. The farmer and the baker begin the series of man’s industries. John Trapp Complete Commentary. From Exodus 35:21-29 we can see that they gave so faithfully and generously they had to be restrained from giving any more. From everyone who gives it willingly with his heart you shall take My offering. this is my baking,’ be sure that they are made, not of wholesome flour, but of poisoned grain, and that there is death in them. We may be sure that He delights even in the meanest and humblest of them, if only we take them to Him and say: ‘All things come of Thee, and of Thine own have we given Thee.’ Ah! Hebrew "My face. The original expression, literally rendered, is ‘bread of the face’; or, as the Revised Version has it in the margin, ‘presence bread,’ and the meaning of that singular designation is paraphrased and explained in my text: ‘Thou shalt set upon the table, bread of the presence before Me always.’ It was bread, then, which was laid in the presence of God. And he prepared the *incense that the priests would burn on the *altar for *incense. Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. Again, there is another consideration, bearing on another region in which the assertive self is only too apt to spoil all work. Exodus 1-2 Exodus 3 Exodus 4 Exodus 5-6 Exodus 7 Exodus 8 Exodus 9 Exodus 10 Exodus 11 Exodus 13 Exodus 14 Exodus 15 Exodus 16 Exodus 17 Exodus 18 Exodus 19 Exodus 20 Exodus 21 Exodus 22 Exodus 23 Exodus 24 Exodus 25-27 Exodus 28-31 Exodus 32 Exodus 33 Exodus 34 Exodus 35 Except that the tabernacle itself is placed first, and the altar of incense mentioned in its natural position, together with the table of shewbread and the golden candlestick (Exodus 31:8). The loaves were laid right in front of the veil, behind which blazed the light of His presence. and that is, that the loaves that were laid within the Sanctuary were not intended to be separated from the others that were eaten in the tents, nor were they meant to be a kind of purchasing of an indulgence, or of a right, by surrendering a little, to the godless and selfish enjoyment of the rest of the batch, or of the rest of the harvest. "Commentary on Exodus 25:30". The smallest taint of making self your end, your law, or your strength, mingling with your lives, and manifest in their actions, will dim the light which shines from them, and men will be very quick to find out and say, ‘He calls himself a Christian; but he lives for himself.’ Neither the light, which is the radiance of a Christian life manwards, can be sustained without the offering of the life in its depths to God, nor can the activities of the life be acceptably offered to Him, unless the man that offers them ‘lets his light shine before men.’ The lamp and the table must go together. 1685. Cameron B.R. It consisted of twelve unleavened loaves, said traditionally to have been laid in piles of six each. Aaron had made them naked.] (1-2) God tells Moses to ask for an offering. Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary30. I. They were also the products of divine gifts elaborated by human effort. "Commentary on Exodus 25:30". It was 1.4 metres (4.5 feet) high. 30 And thou shalt set vpon the Table Shew-bread before me alway. He that says ‘we have no strength against this great multitude that cometh against us, but our eyes are unto Thee,’ will, sooner or later, be able to go back with joy, and say, ‘the Lord hath done great things for us, whereof we are glad.’ The man that goes into the fight like that foolish prime minister of France under the Empire, ‘with a light heart.’ will very soon find his Sedan, and have shamefully to surrender. Christ is the true mercy-seat, standing between a holy law and an offended God, to make reconciliation for the sins of his people. I. The showbread, with all the characteristics and significance of a great national Meat offering, in which the twelve tribes were represented by the twelve cakes, was to stand before Yahweh "perpetually," in token that He was always graciously accepting the good works of His people, for whom atonement had been made by the victims offered on the altar in the court of the sanctuary. But let it rise as some tree above the brushwood until its topmost branches are in the light, and then it is glorified. The exodus has pride of place in any recitation of the story of God’s relationship with Israel. 3. To live to self is ignoble and mean; to live for others is higher and nobler. (3.) That thought opens up many considerations, one or two of which I ask leave to touch briefly. First, then, if my active life is to be an offering to God, that means that I am to surrender myself. Commentary on Exodus 14:10-14, 21-29 . The furniture of the most holy place is first appointed; and this is the most distinguished part. The reason why the manifold bustle and busy-ness of the Christian Church today sows so much and reaps so little, lies mainly here, that they have forgotten to a large extent how the altar in the centre must give the oil for the lamp to shine, and the grain to be made into the loaves. Thou shalt set upon the table the show bread — Hebrew, Bread of the face or presence, because it was set before the ark, where God was peculiarly present. The enumeration of the holy objects follows the order of the instructions given concerning them (Exodus 25-30). Exodus 25–30; 31:1–11; 35–40 “Lesson 13: Exodus 25–30; 31:1–11; 35–40,” Old Testament Instructor’s Guide, Religion 301–2 (1994), 25–26. Learn, (1.) He made it out of *acacia wood. There is no such charm to make life quiet and strong as the submission of the will to God’s providences, and the swift obedience of the will to God’s commandments. And that surrender means three things: first that in all my daily work I am to set Him before me as my end; second, that in all my daily work I am to set Him before me as my law; third, that in all my daily work I am to set Him before me as my power. 29 And thou shalt make the dishes thereof, and spoons thereof, and covers thereof, and bowls thereof, to cover withal: of pure gold shalt thou make them. From everyone who gives it … We may be sure that He delights even in the meanest and humblest of them, if only we take them to Him and say: ‘All things come of Thee, and of Thine own have we given Thee.’ Ah! Note; They who draw near to God in his appointed way will find him ever ready to hear and answer them. The Gentiles imitated this custom also, with whom it was usual to have sacred tables in their temples, and to set upon them meat and drink in honour of their gods: many of whom were supposed themselves to devour the food set upon the table; a proof of which we have in the apocryphal history of Bel and the Dragon: but, in general, this meat and drink was appropriated to the use of the priests. The lamp and the table go together. Directions for preparing the showbread are given in Leviticus 24:5-9. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/exodus-25.html. The Roman Catholics talk about ‘the practice of the presence of God.’ One does not like the phrase, but all true religion will practise what is meant by it. "Commentary on Exodus 25:30". The reason why the manifold bustle and busy-ness of the Christian Church today sows so much and reaps so little, lies mainly here, that they have forgotten to a large extent how the altar in the centre must give the oil for the lamp to shine, and the grain to be made into the loaves. This is how God wants us to give. 1871-8. Let me deal with this singular provision of the ancient ritual by itself alone. The glory of the Lord was on display in the tabernacle and was the center of worship in Israel. It was the place where the Lord met the leaders of the Israelites (29:42) as well as its citizens (29:43). The loaves were not out of place amidst the sanctities of the spot, nor did they seem to be incongruous with the golden altar and the golden lamp-stand, and yet they were but twelve loaves. The loaves in their very place on that table, right in front of the veil that parted the Inner Court from the inmost of all, where the Shekinah shone, and the Cherubim bowed in worship, tell us that in some sense they, too, were an offering, and that the table was an altar. The Tabernacle: A Picture of Jesus (Exodus 25-30) Jodi Hooper: 06/29/2012: 7. This was a memorial of the goodness of God in daily providing bread for the people of Israel, and was presented to him as a thankful acknowledgment of it, and being the same they ate at their own tables; and this being eaten by the priests, was expressive of the communion between God and them, they being guests of his, and feeding on the same provisions. That table bore the symbols of the grateful recognition of God’s mercies by the people. The farmer and the baker begin the series of man’s industries. They who visit God's house shall be fed with his bread. So that these loaves were fitly taken as representatives of all kinds of human industry and their products, and as such were consecrated to God. And that surrender means three things: first that in all my daily work I am to set Him before me as my end; second, that in all my daily work I am to set Him before me as my law; third, that in all my daily work I am to set Him before me as my power. Now I need only say a word or two about the other aspect of this table of shew-bread, taken with the other two articles in conjunction with which it formed a unity. That thought of being in His presence would be for us a tonic, and a test. Do not give because you feel guilty or because you see others giving or you feel uncomfortable if you don’t give. And both things are true about all the bread that you and I have been able to make for the satisfaction of our desires, or the sustenance of our strength-it comes ultimately from the gift of God. From everyone who gives it willingly with his heart you shall take My offering. The manna is the life-giving Christ; the showbread, the life-sustaining Christ. BibliographyCoke, Thomas. It consisted of twelve unleavened loaves, said traditionally to have been laid in piles of six each. Yet most people today have never heard of John Gill. That thought of being in His presence would be for us a tonic, and a test. (Calmet) See Leviticus xxiv. BibliographyHaydock, George Leo. 1905. I. And you shall set on the table show bread before me always. Bread of faces, or of the presence, so called, because it was constantly placed in God’s presence. They were also the products of divine gifts elaborated by human effort. 30 And you shall set the s bread of the Presence on the table before me regularly. It consisted of twelve large cakes of unleavened bread, which were arranged on the table in two piles, with a golden cup of frankincense on each pile. BibliographyPoole, Matthew, "Commentary on Exodus 25:30". 1854-1889. “The Children of … 1865-1868. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/exodus-25.html. And whilst to make self my end mars what else is beautiful, making self my law mars it even more. Whether we bring our activities there or no, of course in a very real and solemn sense they are there. The enjoyments and the products of our daily activities are to be offered to God. (2.) Still further, this table with its burden has suggestions that as Christians we are bound to bring all our work to Him for His judgment upon it. Bread for the Tabernacle. And when our hearts are glad, and our ‘bosom’s lord sits lightly on his throne,’ we have special need to take care that our joy be not godless, nor our enjoyment of His gifts be without reference to Himself. 30 You shall set the bread of the [] Presence on the table before Me [] at all times. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/srn/exodus-25.html. And thou shalt set upon the table showbread before me always. 5. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/exodus-25.html. EXODUS 36 COMME TARY EDITED BY GLE PEASE I TRODUCTIO PETER PETT, Introduction "The Work On Building The Dwellingplace Begins And Is Satisfactorily Completed In Accordance with Yahweh’s Command (Exodus 35:4 to Exodus 38:31). there are a great many strange things in Christ’s treasury. Show bread.] The loaves were laid right in front of the veil, behind which blazed the light of His presence. Note; The church of God is more precious in his account than all the other works of his hands. I suspect that to many readers the term ‘shew-bread’ conveys little more meaning than if the Hebrew words had been lifted over into our version. And that meant that they were laid before ‘those pure eyes and perfect judgment of all-judging’ God. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible. "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". The chapter began as a continuation from chapter twenty-four when Moses and the elders went up into the mountain. This bread was designed to be a symbol of the full and never-failing provision which is made in the Church for the spiritual sustenance and refreshment of God‘s people. First, then, if my active life is to be an offering to God, that means that I am to surrender myself. Every Sabbath the priests laid upon the table which stood on one side of the Altar of Incense, in the Inner Court, two piles of loaves, on each of which piles was placed a pan of incense. Ver. Supplementary Study Sources. That is the question that I wish to try to answer here; and in doing so let me first ask you to look at the thing itself, and then to consider its connection with the other two articles in connection with which it made a threefold oneness. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament, Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. Exodus 25:31 And thou shalt make a candlestick of pure gold: of beaten work shall the candlestick be made: his shaft, and his branches, his bowls, his knops, and his flowers, shall be of the same. You shall overlay it with pure gold and make a molding of gold around it. If you cannot take them into the Inner Court, and lay them down there, and say, ‘Look, Lord! But what I desire to insist upon now is how important, for the nobleness and purity of our daily lives, it is that we should be in the continual habit of realising to ourselves the thought that whatever we do, we do before His Face. 1909-1922. BibliographyBullinger, Ethelbert William. And it was a type of the spiritual provision which is made in the church, by the gospel of Christ, for all that are made priests to our God. This bread was divided into twelve loaves, one for every tribe; and they were in their name presented to God in the nature of an offering, as the frankincense shows, as a public acknowledgment that they received all their bread or food, both corporal and spiritual, from God’s hand, and were to use it as in God’s presence Gill's Exposition of the Entire BibleAnd thou shall set upon the table shewbread before me always. Whenever the law of God is truly made our rule of conduct, and we delight in it after the inner man, it is a testimony of our simplicity and God's approbation. The Altar sanctifies, and not only sanctifies but ennobles, the gift. Exodus 25:30. "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". Exodus 34 Commentary. This table, with the articles on it, and its use, seems to typify the communion which the Lord holds with his redeemed people in his ordinances, the provisions of his house, the feasts they are favoured with. Me. If there be not in the centre of the life aspiration after Him in the depths of the heart, communion with Him in the silent places of the soul, then there will be little brightness in the life to ray out amongst men, and there will be little consecration of the activities to be laid before God. John 4:32, John 4:34), a figurative representation of the calling it had received from God; so that bread and wine, which stood upon the table by the side of the loaves, as the fruit of the labour bestowed by Israel upon the soil of its inheritance, were a symbol of its spiritual labour in the kingdom of God, the spiritual vineyard of its Lord. The directions with regard to it may be very briefly stated. blue, purple, and crimson wool; linen and goat hair; דוּתְכֵ֧לֶת וְאַרְגָּמָ֛ן וְתוֹלַ֥עַת שָׁנִ֖י וְשֵׁ֥שׁ וְעִזִּֽים: blue…wool: … Exodus 25 New King James Version (NKJV) Offerings for the Sanctuary. The Roman Catholics talk about ‘the practice of the presence of God.’ One does not like the phrase, but all true religion will practise what is meant by it. Read Exodus 25 commentary using John Gill's Exposition of the Bible. Every loaf must have been of considerable size, since two-tenth deals, or two homers of flour were used for each, which are about six quarts English. 2. The Hebrew expression translated “shewbread” is literally, “bread of face,” or “bread of presence”—bread, that is, which was set forth always before the presence of God. These loaves or cakes were twelve, representing, as is generally supposed, the twelve tribes of Israel. This table, with the articles on it, and its use, seems to typify the communion which the Lord holds with his redeemed people in his ordinances, the provisions of his house, the feasts they are favoured with. On one side of it stood the great golden lamp which, in like manner, declared that the activities of the priestly life, which was the life of Israel, and is the life of the Christian individually and collectively, is to be, in its manward aspect, a light for the world. It consisted of twelve large cakes of unleavened bread, which were arranged on the table in two piles, with a golden cup of frankincense on each pile. 25 Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 2 “Speak to the children of Israel, that they bring Me an [] offering. The cherubim of gold: they were emblematical figures of angels, bending towards the mercy-seat, in token of adoration, or deep contemplation of the mysteries of grace therein contained; and winged, to signify the speed, alacrity, and delight, with which they obey the Divine commands. This shewbread may be considered either as typical of the church and people of God, who are all one bread, 1 Corinthians 10:17, these pure and unleavened cakes may denote their purity, simplicity, and sincerity, being without the leaven of malice and wickedness; the number twelve, the twelve tribes of Israel, the whole spiritual Israel of God; their being called shewbread, or bread of faces, the presentation of themselves to the Lord in public worship, and their being ever under the eye and care of God; their being set on the table, their standing in Christ, and security by him, who is the foundation of the apostles and prophets; and being set in rows, their order and harmony; being renewed every sabbath, the constancy of their worship, and the succession of them in all ages; the frankincense put on each row, the acceptance of their persons and services through the incense of Christ's mediation; the border round about them, the power of Christ around them to keep them from falling: or else as typical of Christ himself, of his being the food of believers, the bread of life: the shewbread of fine flour may fitly signify Christ, the finest of the wheat, the corn of heaven, the bread that comes from thence; its quantity, twelve cakes, the sufficiency of food with him, bread enough and to spare for the whole Israel of God; its continuance, the permanency of Christ as the food believers have always to feed upon; the frankincense on it, the gratefulness of Christ to such, to whom his flesh is meat indeed, and his blood drink indeed; and being set for priests, and only for them, may show that Christ is only food to such who are made priests to God: or this may be an emblem of the intercession of Christ, who is the Angel of God's presence, ever before him, and represents the whole Israel of God, for whom he intercedes; and his intercession is continual, he ever lives to make intercession for them, and that is always acceptable to God. But highest and noblest of all is to offer the loaves to God, and to make Him the end of all our activities. Further, this table, with its homely burden of twelve poor loaves, may suggest to us how the simplest, smallest, most secular of our activities is a fit offering to Him. BibliographyEllicott, Charles John. Such recitations can be comprehensive, such as Ezra’s prayer in Nehemiah 9, or succinct, as in Micah 6:4-5. BibliographyJamieson, Robert, D.D. The stale loaves were given to the priests, and the frankincense appears to have been lighted on the altar for a memorial. Bread of the face ( פּנים לחם ), the mode of preparing and placing which is described in Leviticus 24:5., was to lie continually before ( לפני ) Jehovah. Exodus 24 Exodus 26 For the Christian life is to be no life of cloistered devotion and heavenward aspiration only or mainly, but is to manifest its still devotion and its heavenward aspiration by the consecration of its activities to God, and the raying of them out into a darkened world. Exodus 32:25 And when Moses saw that the people [were] naked; (for Aaron had made them naked unto [their] shame among their enemies:). 27 Over against the border shall the rings be for places of the staves to bear the table. Let us apply that to our money, which is one of the products of our activities; and not fancy, as a great many people do, that what we give as a subscription to some benevolent or religious institution buys for us the right to spend all the rest selfishly. But the service of God is the basis of the best service of man, for the altar stands between the lamp and the table. Moses Leads the People Out of Egypt (Exodus 14) That is to say, your lives will not shine before men unless your activities are offered to God. The directions with regard to it may be very briefly stated. Exodus 25:30 Context. The Golden Calf 32 When the people saw that Moses was so long in coming down from the mountain, they gathered around Aaron and said, “Come, make us gods who will go before us. But the idea that the bread is set before the face of God makes sense to me. When he came down, Moses gathered Israel and they began the actual construction of the tabernacle (see Exodus 35–40). 28 And thou shalt make the staues of Shittim wood, and ouerlay them with gold, that the table may be borne with them. | GotQuestions.org 29 And thou shalt make the dishes thereof, and spoones therof, and couers thereof, and bowles thereof, to couer withall: of pure gold shalt thou make them. Showbread , [ lechem (Hebrew #3899) paaniym (Hebrew #6440)] - literally, bread of faces, presence bread [Septuagint, artoi enoopioi] (Leviticus 24:5-9); so called because it was constantly exhibited before the Lord, or because the bread of His presence, like the angel of His presence, pointed symbolically to Christ. "Speak unto the children of Israel, that they bring me an offering: of every man that giveth it willingly … That is another commonplace, very threadbare and very feeble, when we speak it, but with claws and teeth in it that will lay hold of us, when we try to put it in practice. This bread was divided into twelve loaves, one for every tribe; and they were in their name presented to God in the nature of an offering, as the frankincense shows, as a public acknowledgment that they received all their bread or food, both corporal and spiritual, from God’s hand, and were to use it as in God’s presence. And that is, that if our activities are offerings to God, this means that His supreme Will is to be our law, and that we obey His commands and accept His appointments in quiet submission. Facebook-twitter-g+-LinkedIN-Email. How it would pull us up in many a meanness, and keep our feet from wandering into many forbidden ways, if there came like a blaze of light into our hearts the thought: ‘Thou God seest me!’ There are many of our activities, I am afraid, which we should not like to put down on that table. As for the first, whatever a man does for any motive other, and with any end less, than God and His Glory, that act, beautiful as it may be in other respects, loses its supreme beauty, and falls short of perfect nobleness, just in the measure in which other motives, or other ends, than this supreme one, are permitted to dominate it. See the notes at Leviticus 24:5-9. There must also be the usual furniture of the sideboard, dishes and spoons, &c., and all of gold, Exodus 25:29. Exodus 25:30, ESV: "And you shall set the bread of the Presence on the table before me regularly." Exodus 25:30 Context. That is the broad significance of this institution, which, as we shall have to see, links itself with the other two conceptions of the priestly life in its Godward and in its manward aspect. Exodus 25:30, KJV: "And thou shalt set upon the table shewbread before me alway." Print. But highest and noblest of all is to offer the loaves to God, and to make Him the end of all our activities. How it would pull us up in many a meanness, and keep our feet from wandering into many forbidden ways, if there came like a blaze of light into our hearts the thought: ‘Thou God seest me!’ There are many of our activities, I am afraid, which we should not like to put down on that table. Whether we bring our activities there or no, of course in a very real and solemn sense they are there. In regard to this consecration of the product of our activities, as well as of our activities themselves, I have but two words to offer, and the one is, let us see to it that we consecrate our enjoyment of God’s gifts by bringing that enjoyment, as well as the activities which He has blessed to produce it, into His presence. # 25:10 That is, about 3 3/4 feet long and 2 1/4 feet wide and high or about 1.1 meters long and 68 centimeters wide and high; similarly in verse 17 11 Overlay it with pure gold, both inside and out, and make a gold molding around it. This is unfortunate, since his works contain priceless gems of information that are found nowhere except in the ancient writings of the Jews. And, on the other hand, the altar in the middle needs both its flanking accompaniments. Still further, this table with its burden has suggestions that as Christians we are bound to bring all our work to Him for His judgment upon it. "Commentary on Exodus 25:30". Now the first thing that is suggested, therefore, is the plain obligation, which is also a blessed privilege, for all men who are priests of God by faith in, and union with, the great High Priest, that they lay all their activities as an offering before God. "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". The Pattern for the Tabernacle Was Given by Revelation. In the Greek LXX, it says: Exodu 25:30 και επιθησεις επι την τραπεζαν αρτους εν-ωπιο-υς εν-αντι-ον μου δια παντος This was a memorial of the goodness of God in daily providing bread for the people of Israel, and was presented to him as a thankful acknowledgment of it, and being the same they ate at their own tables; and this being eaten by the priests, was expressive of the communion between God and them, they being guests of his, and feeding on the same provisions. The tranquillity of heart, the accumulation of power, which come to men when they, from the depths, say, ‘Not my will but Thine be done’; ‘Speak, Lord! The twelve loaves, JosephusF1Antiqu. Commentary; Illustration; Bible Survey; Topics; Find by passage; The Table of Showbread Exodus 25:23–30 » View this passage in NIV (Bible Gateway) A father and son were driving down a country road and saw a watermelon patch a little way off the highway. That table bore the symbols of the grateful recognition of God’s mercies by the people. And we, Christian men and women, have to make an offering of all our active life, and all its products. That is a brief, but a very stringent, easily applied, and satisfactory test of a great many doubtful things. "You shall set the bread of the Presence on the table before Me at all times. Exodus 34 Resources. So, brethren, let us blend these three aspects into a unity, the Altar, the Lamp, the Table, and so shall we minister aright, and men will call us the ‘priests of the Most High God,’ till we pass within the veil where, better than the best of us here can do, we shall be able to unite still communion and active service, and shine as the sun in the Kingdom of our Father. Showbread, type of Christ, the Bread of God, nourisher of the Christian's life as a believer-priest 1 Peter 2:9; Revelation 1:6. The twelve loaves, Josephus (a) says, signify the year divided into so many months. They were placed in two rows, one above the other, and were kept separate by plates of gold. Bread is a product at once of God’s gift and of man’s work.