Lawrence, E. Humann, P., 1993. Staghorn and Elkhorn coral are harvested for building materials, souvenirs, jewelery, and for aquariums. The Elkhorn coral, also known as Acropora palmata, is an important coral of the Caribbean coral reef. It occurs in back reef and fore reef environments from 0 to 30 m (0 to 98 ft) depth. As with staghorn coral (Acropora cervicornis), the dominant reproduction mode of elkhorn coral is asexual fragmentation. Therefore, we consider them a reef-building coral. Elkhorn Coral is a sessile animal. Scientific Name: Aetomylaeus vespertilio. Color: Golden-brown with light rims. A. ocellaris is the clownfish that Nemo is modeled after in the movie Finding Nemo. EOL has data for 47 attributes, including: Known occurrences, collected specimens and observations of Elkhorn Coral. Elkhorn Coral colonies have suffered heavily from a variety of threats, notably white-band disease, bleaching and sedimentation. http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0010362. Figure 2-3. Elkhorn coral is the largest acroporid coral. Reef Coral Identification - Florida Caribbean Bahamas, (ed. In ESA listings, Elkhorn coral is listed alongside Staghorn coral, A. cervicornia, because the corals share the same genus. This species is structurally complex with many large branches. The ORA Elkhorn produces very little to no polyp extension and generates a thick slime when bothered. Give us feedback. Florent's Guide To The South Florida Reefs - Elkhorn Coral - Acropora palmata - Stony Corals - - Stony Corals - Caribbean, Bahamas, Florida - Staghorn Corals live on coral reefs throughout the Bahamas, Florida and the Caribbean. Voss, G.L., 1976. (ed.) Version 2020-2. Elkhorn Coral (Acropora palmata) may refer to the following downloads: Elkhorn Coral (Dycki1231) Name: n/a. It, along with elkhorn coral and star corals (boulder, lobed, and mountainous) built Caribbean coral reefs over the last 5,000 years. Branch diameter between 5 and 25 cm, and 1-3 cm thick . A coral outcrop on the Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Scientific Name: Acropora rudis. Common Name(s): elkhorn coral : Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: valid Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: ... Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Elkhorn Coral (Acropora palmata) is an iconic species on Caribbean coral reefs. Acropora palmata (Elkhorn Coral) is a species of cnidarians in the family staghorn corals. The scientific name for the common clownfish is Amphiprion ocellaris. It is a fast growing species and is one of the most important reef-building species in the Caribbean. Pollution, climate change and other stressors cause the algae to be expelled from the coral’s tissues, which makes them lose their major source of food and their colour – a process called coral bleaching. Elkhorn coral is one of the most important corals in the Caribbean. But fast is relative in the coral world; a colony of staghorn coral may only grow four inches (10 cm) per year. Follow us. This type of coral is common in the Caribbean and several species form plates and blades with intricate corallites. But fast is relative in the coral world; a colony of staghorn coral may only grow four inches (10 cm) per year. It has alternation of generations, asexual reproduction, and sexual reproduction; it is a broadcast spawner and a hermaphrodite. Many steps have been taken within the Dutch Caribbean to protect this and other valuable coral species. Colony diameter up to 3.5 meter, and more than 1 meter in height. The distribution of reef corals in Curacao. The complex coral structure in turn creates habitat for myriad reef fishes and invertebrates. It is listed as critically endangered by IUCN and in cites appendix ii. Area: Pacific. A snorkeler swims among healthy Elkhorn corals off Key Largo in the Florida Keys in the early 1980s. Fauna Curacao, 20: 1-51. Elkhorn is an intricate, relatively thin branching coral with an army green background and white growth tips and highlights on the coral body. A popular choice as a home for lobsters, parrot-fish, snappers and other reef fish. The coral structure closely resembles that of elk antlers. Roos, P.J., 1964. Often referred to as “rainforests of the sea,” coral reefs are perhaps the greatest, most vibrant expressions of ocean life. Seashore life of Florida and the Carribbean. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Dead Elkhorn Coral form shallow marine sediments. Donate; What's New; Donate now. As this coral grows, it forms a gnarling form like a branch from a tree growing on the windward side of a mountain. http://eol.org/schema/terms/criticallyEndangered, http://apiv3.iucnredlist.org/api/v3/taxonredirect/133006, https://www.speciesplus.net/#/taxon_concepts/3118/legal, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/NCIT_C25513, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_03000034, http://eol.org/schema/terms/photosymbiotroph, http://eol.org/schema/terms/alternatingReproduction, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0019954, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0019953, http://eol.org/schema/terms/broadcastSpawner, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spawn_(biology)#Crustaceans, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0007197, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0002470, http://eol.org/schema/terms/EcomorphologicalGuild, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0002303, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000687, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000024, http://eol.org/schema/terms/fossilOccPBDB, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0000003, http://www.marinespecies.org/traits/SupportingStructuresEnclosures. It is a photosymbiotroph. Sorry, there are no other images or audio/video clips available for this species. The two corals are sometimes found interspersed together, though elkhorn coral lives in shallow water of 1 to 5 meters in depth, while staghorn coral lives in deeper water, of 5 to 20 meters. These corals get their name from the fact that they form a crust on a substrate, and spread across the surface creating a thin colorful surface. You can continue searching for Acropora palmata on one of these Web sites: Fauna Europaea (animals) | IOPI (plants) | NCBI (genetic). Stud. Staghorn corals grow fast to shade out other corals and gain more space on the reef. --- Elkhorn coral (Scientific name: Acropora palmata; Quantity: 34,713; Red list status: critically endangered; Top animal ... endangered; Top animal/product type: specimens; Top purpose: scientific)--- Staghorn coral (Scientific name: Acropora cervicornis; Quantity: 15,462; Red list status: critically endangered; Top animal/product type: raw corals; Top purpose: scientific) Hammerheads … This has had a devastating amount of Elkhorn Coral killed off. Common Name(s): Pore coral / Elkhorn coral Scientific/Other Name(s) : Montipora Hirsuta Care Level : Medium Lighting Requirements: Medium/High Flow Requirements: Medium/High Tank Position: Medium / High Feeding Requirements: The coral receives most of its nutrition through photosynthesis.It will also benefit from occasional additional food offered in the form of liquid or dried … This name is referred to as the common name or vernacular name. Studies on the fauna of Curaçao and other Caribbean islands, 130. The coral structure resembles that of elk horns, and they create the perfect habitat for many other species of the reef. The shallow-water stony corals of the Netherlands Antilles. Kingdom AnimaliaPhylum CnidariaClass AnthozoaSubclass HexacoralliaOrder ScleractiniaGenus AcroporaSpecies Acropora palmata, Status in World Register of Marine SpeciesAccepted name: Acropora palmata (Lamarck, 1816), Scientific synonyms and common namesElkhorn coral [English]Elandsgeweikoraal [Dutch]Acropore bois d'élan [French]Corail corne d'élan [French]Elchgewei-Koralle [German]Koral kachu grandi [Papiamentu]. A columella is absent.Habitat:On the reef at a higher level than Acropora cervicornis and Acropora prolifera up to within the reach of waves. They tend to protrude vertically with many several off shooting side branches. Branch diameter between 5 and 25 cm, and 1-3 cm thick .Color:Golden-brown with light rims.Corallites:Corallites are porous protruding tubes, less than 5 mm long and 0.5-0.8 mm in diameter. It is listed as critically endangered by IUCN and in CITES Appendix II. It has brown to tan branches that spread like flat fans with white on the outer growing margins. The most common of these is the staghorn coral. Elkhorn corals: as the name suggests, these types of corals resemble the branched horns of elk or deer. The staghorn coral (Acropora cervicornis) is a branching, stony coral with cylindrical branches ranging from a few centimetres to over two metres in length and height. While recognized as two separate species in scientific literature, they inhabit similar ranges and share many of the same characteristics. Like its name suggests, staghorn coral is a species of coral that looks a bit like the antlers of a male deer. Caribbean elkhorn coral is endangered, with coral-restoration projects in the region focusing mainly on restoring elkhorn and staghorn acropora species. Staghorn coral is one of the most important corals in the Caribbean. Scientific Papers; Guidelines & Brochures; Photos and videos; Books; Related publications; Tools; Red List Training; Summary Statistics; Spatial Data & Mapping Resources; Support. Corals are marine invertebrates within the class Anthozoa of the phylum Cnidaria. Acropora palmata (Elkhorn Coral) is a species of cnidarians in the family staghorn corals. Elkhorn coral (Acropora palmata): This coral is considered to be one of the most important reef-building corals in the Caribbean. Banyan Books, Inc. Miami, Florida. The coral receives nutrients and oxygen from algae, and the algae receive nutrients and carbon dioxide from the coral. Laticauda colubrina Photo Credit: Ken Marks. Most organisms are also given a simpler name. N. Deloach). Reason of Endangerment: This coral lives in a very small range Some diseases have killed it off and also the impact of easily bleaching. This is just an expression of opinion. English: Elkhorn coral Español: coral cuerno de alce Scientific name: acropora palmata SAVING ELKHORN CORALS. They typically live in compact colonies of many identical individual polyps. They are densely packed, with 1-2 mm in between. The elkhorn coral is named for the antler-like shape of its colonies. Elkhorn Coral form shallow marine sediment s. It is a photosymbiotroph. Due to their tree-like growth form, elkhorn corals provide complex habitat for fish and other coral ree… Coral species include the important reef builders that inhabit tropical oceans and secrete calcium carbonate to form a hard skeleton. Lettuce coral Lettuce Coral. Elkhorn coral Acropora palmata (Lamarck, 1816) Description: Colonies with thick rounded or flat branches, without distinct axial corallites. They inhabit clear waters and are typically found at a depth of 15–60 ft (4.5–18 m). Roos, P.J., 1971. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. London, United Kingdom: Pearson Education Limited.
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